Routes

  • Use the uname command
  • Use the /etc/*-release files
  • Use a programming language (high-level approahc) python -mplatform
  • Use environment variables like OSTYPE

Commands

uname, hostname, machine, sw_vers are all commands you can use.

uname has a few flags (a,p,m) you can use.

cat /etc/issue : check CentOS/Ubuntu version cat /etc/os-release : get distro name 2 cat /etc/lsb-release : cat /etc/redhat-release : uname : with no arguments will name the operating system. uname -a : check kernel version and system architecture uname -p : processor type, but is usually unknown on modern Unix platforms. uname -m : will give the “machine hardware name”. Tells whether your system is 32-bit or 64-bit hostname : check hostname /bin/arch/ : if it exists, will usually give the type of processor. echo $OSTYPE : env variable that stores OS name python -mplatform :

cat /etc/issue

$ cat /etc/issue
Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS \n \l

Release files

Find and cat the release files. The following commands lists all *-release files in the /etc/ folder.

ll /etc/*-release
  • /etc/lsb-release (Ubuntu)
  • /etc/os-release (Ubuntu)
  • /etc/centos-release (CentOS)
  • /etc/redhat-release -> centos-release (CentOS)
  • /etc/system-release -> centos-release (CentOS)

cat /etc/os-release 2

Most major distros are moving towards a system where they use /etc/os-release to store this information. Most modern distributions also include the lsb_release tools but these are not always installed by default.

Ubuntu $ cat /etc/os-release NAME="Ubuntu" VERSION="14.04.3 LTS, Trusty Tahr" ID=ubuntu ID_LIKE=debian PRETTY_NAME="Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS" VERSION_ID="14.04" HOME_URL="http://www.ubuntu.com/" SUPPORT_URL="http://help.ubuntu.com/" BUG_REPORT_URL="http://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/" Doesn’t work on CentOS or OSX it seems.

cat /etc/lsb-release

Ubuntu cat /etc/lsb-release DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu DISTRIB_RELEASE=14.04 DISTRIB_CODENAME=trusty DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS"

cat /etc/redhat-release

CentOS cat /etc/redhat-release CentOS release 6.7 (Final)

CentOS actually shows 3 release file names. The other two /etc/redhat-release and /etc/system-release are symlinks to /etc/centos-release.

ll /etc/*-release
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 27 Aug  3 12:12 /etc/centos-release
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 14 Aug  7 12:02 /etc/redhat-release -> centos-release
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 14 Aug  7 12:02 /etc/system-release -> centos-release

uname

uname prints operating system name.

  • CentOS, Ubuntu: Linux
  • Mac OS X: Darwin

CentOS Screenshot 2015-12-03 13.54.58.png

uname flags

-m : print the machine hardware name. -n : print the nodename (the nodename may be a name that the system is known by to a communications network). -p : print the machine processor architecture name. -r :print the operating system release. -s : print the operating system name. -v : print the operating system version.

uname -p

$OSTYPE 1

The bash manpage says that the variable OSTYPE stores the name of the operation system:

OSTYPE Automatically set to a string that describes the operating system on which bash is executing. The default is system- dependent.

  • For OS X El Capitan 10.11.1 $OSTYPE is darwin15
  • For Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS $OSTYPE is linux-gnu

python -mplatform

Ubuntu $ python -mplatform Linux-3.13.0-68-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-14.04-trusty

CentOS $ python -mplatform Linux-2.6.32-042stab108.6-i686-with-centos-6.7-Final

Mac OS X $ python -mplatform Darwin-15.0.0-x86_64-i386-64bit